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Details for Freight and Cargo Inspectors


Description

Inspect the handling, storage, and stowing of freight and cargoes.

Tasks

  • Determine cargo transportation capabilities by reading documents that set forth cargo loading and securing procedures, capacities, and stability factors.
  • Direct crews to reload freight or to insert additional bracing or packing as necessary.
  • Advise crews in techniques of stowing dangerous and heavy cargo.
  • Check temperatures and humidities of shipping and storage areas to ensure that they are at appropriate levels to protect cargo.
  • Determine types of licenses and safety equipment required, and compute applicable fees such as tolls and wharfage fees.
  • Inspect loaded cargo, cargo lashed to decks or in storage facilities, and cargo handling devices to determine compliance with health and safety regulations and need for maintenance.
  • Inspect shipments to ensure that freight is securely braced and blocked.
  • Issue certificates of compliance for vessels without violations.
  • Measure heights and widths of loads to ensure they will pass over bridges or through tunnels on scheduled routes.
  • Notify workers of any special treatment required for shipments.
  • Observe loading of freight to ensure that crews comply with procedures.
  • Post warning signs on vehicles containing explosives or flammable or radioactive materials.
  • Prepare and submit reports after completion of freight shipments.
  • Recommend remedial procedures to correct any violations found during inspections.
  • Record details about freight conditions, handling of freight, and any problems encountered.
  • Calculate gross and net tonnage, hold capacities, volumes of stored fuel and water, cargo weights, and ship stability factors, using mathematical formulas.
  • Evaluate new methods of packaging, testing, shipping, and transporting hazardous materials to ensure adequate public safety protection.
  • Measure ships' holds and depths of fuel and water in tanks, using sounding lines and tape measures.
  • Negotiate with authorities, such as local government officials, to eliminate hazards along transportation routes.
  • Read draft markings to determine depths of vessels in water.
  • Review commercial vehicle logs, shipping papers, and driver and equipment records to detect any problems and to ensure compliance with regulations.
  • Time rolls of ships, using stopwatches.
  • Write certificates of admeasurement that list details such as designs, lengths, depths, and breadths of vessels, and methods of propulsion.

Interests

  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Education, Training, Experience

  • Education - Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  • Training - Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
  • Experience - A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

Knowledge

  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Skills

  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

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